Supplemental Data Document S1. Direct estimates of de novo mutation rates have also indicated a strong male mutation bias in humans Kong et al. Venn Oet al. Syst Biol. Key Differences Between Autosomes and Sex Chromosomes Autosomes vs sex chromosomes vs autosomes in Ohio below are the critical points to understand the difference between the autosomes and sex chromosomes: The pair of chromosomes that regulate the somatic characters of the body are known as autosomeswhereas the pair of chromosomes that determines the sex of an organism, as they regulate the sex-linked traits are known as sex chromosomes or allosomes.
However, the observed divergence in the recently diverged populations could be inflated by diversity present in the ancestral population.
NRE: a tool for exploring neutral loci in the human genome. Here, we investigate patterns of divergence with increasing distance from genes on the X chromosome and the autosomes in great apes, including human. Lubelsky Yet al. Generation times in wild chimpanzees and gorillas suggest earlier divergence times in great ape and human evolution.
Crawford J. African populations, followed by Europeans and East Asians, show the highest levels of both X and autosomal diversity. Microhomologies are associated with tandem duplications and structural variation in plant mitochondrial genomes. The allele frequency spectrum in genome-wide human variation data reveals signals of differential demographic history in three large world populations.
Consequently, measurements of male mutation bias vary with distance from genes, increasing with increasing distance from genes. Oxford Academic. Gutenkunst R. BMC Bioinformatics 13 :