Dunham A, et al. Human sex cells do have 23 chromosomes, but not these Diploid organisms inherit one copy of each homologous chromosome from each parent; all together, they are considered a full set of chromosomes.
The major heterochromatic region on Yq is indicated by the pale grey box proximal to PAR2. Hunt1 Adrienne R. Recall that homologous chromosomes are not identical.
Elizabeth C. Free Response Compare and contrast a human somatic cell to a human gamete. Bates1 David M. Kinetochore proteins are multiprotein complexes that bind the centromeres of a chromosome to the microtubules of the mitotic spindle. These are physically separate from the genes described in the preceding section and are not included in the total gene count, owing to the difficulty in discriminating between genes and pseudogenes for these ncRNA predictions.
Homologous protein-coding gene pairs between the X and Y chromosomes were identified by TBLASTN searching with the coding sequences of annotated coding genes on the Y chromosome against the X chromosome genomic sequence.
Among these duplications are well-described cases that are associated with genomic disorders
Germ cells are special. Sargent CA, et al. Biography 8: Theodor Boveri Theodor Boveri described the process of meiosis. Daniel Andrews , 1 Carol E. Footnotes Competing interests statement The authors declare that they have no competing financial interests.
Vertical grey lines in d-k represent gaps in the euchromatic sequence of the chromosome.