Kramer et al. Bane and Flynn Maguire, R. Morley, P. Hoyle, C.
It is argued that not only is the presumption of innocence undermined by the presumption of guilt regarding suspects and defendants in cases of sexual offending, it is also undermined in England and Wales by the victim personal statement VPS.
Thomas In Current problems of the penal law and criminologyed. This is especially so with regard to the potential loss of liberty, in the form of imprisonment. Goldhill, O. Dodge, R.
These are exacerbated by the pressures on juries to believe the accuser, the presumptions embedded in the VPS, and the presumption of guilt with regard to those accused of a sexual offence s. Roberts, J. Reprints and Permissions. Furthermore, confusion around the issue will only serve to obfuscate and confuse genuine victims of sexual abuse and assault, those individuals who in fact, the system exists to protect and north carolina sex offender registry requirements in Liverpool.
Footnote 3 We agree that these are sensitive and important considerations. Footnote 67 The accuser faces many obstacles and disadvantages when trying secure justice in sex cases, but so too do the accused. Zimmerly, 33,
Victims, victimisation and restorative justice. Erez, M. Quadrant Online 6 December. This is because according to the adversarial system a defendant is presumed innocent of the case laid against them until a guilty verdict is reached.