Domestic violence is illegal, but there is no law against marital rape, and domestic violence often went unreported due to social stigma. The earliest study in the Western World attempting to survey marital rape was an unpublished study by Joan Seites in the spring of If the offender used violence, the offense is considered aggravated, and the penalty may be more severe.
The law prohibits rape, including spousal rape, and provides penalties for conviction of two to 12 years in prison; however, the government did not effectively enforce the law. Rosenthal, R. The categories for the predictor variables were designed to be consistent with common usage in the research literature and to limit the repetition of information from the same study.
Some measures of intimacy deficits predicted sexual recidivism, whereas others did not. Council of Europe.
Discriminant and predictive validity of phallometrically measured sexual age and gender preference. The penalty for rape is one to 10 years in prison. Tracking treatment outcome among juvenile sexual offenders: A nine year follow-up study.
Contrasting approaches to risk assessment with adult male sexual offenders: An evaluation of recidivism prediction schemes and the utility of supplementary clinical information for enhancing predictive accuracy.
Sexual deviancy was unrelated to violent non-sexual recidivism d. Journal of Marriage and Family, 65 1 , — The general criminal risk scales were also as good at predicting any violent recidivism d.