CFCA social media. They argue that mothers are more emotionally invested in raising children than fathers are in general, which has been supported by other authors [ 41 - 43 ] and includes research by Gatrelland Golombok [ 404445 ]. Parental gender The influence of parental gender and parenting has been another area of enquiry, and in this context Stacy and Biblarz, who reviewed the existing literature insuggest that, rather than sexual orientation, parental gender may play a role in child health and wellbeing, highlighting research that scores both lesbian and heterosexual mothers better in measures of effective parenting than heterosexual fathers [ 12 ].
Sociodemographic variables As well as measuring child health and wellbeing, the survey will collect data on sociodemographic characteristics that may be associated with child health. Possible implications for clinicians There is a general lack of recognition among health service providers that same-sex parented families exist, and non-biological parents are often not acknowledged as parents.
J Fam Psychol. Using in vitro fertilization, eggs are removed from one partner to be used to make embryos that the other partner will hopefully carry in a successful pregnancy. Questioning the goal of same-sex marriage. Received Feb 13; Accepted Jun Hicks, S.
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Famiy Matters. Here, we bring a fresh perspective to the concept of same-sex parented families in Australia by posing key research questions and drawing from the history of same-sex parenting and the present experience of these families in Australia. Cite this article Crouch, S. Other family contexts have seen similar associations between stigma and child mental health including race-based stigma in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander families, and social stigma in single-parent families [ 5253 ].
EW designed the survey instrument, monitored data collection for the survey, revised the paper, and supervised SRC. Medical education. Research to date lacks a holistic view with the complete physical, mental and social wellbeing of children not yet addressed.
Guidelines and statements. The survey will be available for completion online with a paper-based version available upon request. Strategies were employed to contact same-sex attracted parents who both identified with the gay and lesbian community, and those who were less engaged [ 35 ].
Gender identities Sexual identities Sexual diversities. Discussion pieces and interviews with mainstream media outlets will help target families not engaged with the gay and lesbian community, as well as rural and remote families.